Orthodox shrines in Egypt

Orthodox shrines in Egypt

Egypt is a country with centuries of Christian history. In our material, we will talk about some Orthodox shrines in Egypt, where many pilgrims from our country come every year.

It is in Egypt that the famous Mount Sinai is located, on which the Lord handed the 10 commandments to the prophet Moses. Near Mount Sinai, among the waterless desert, the fortress walls of the Holy Great Monastery (the monastery of St. Catherine) rise. The thorn bush “The Burning Bush” still grows here, from which God first called to Moses, and where in 324 a chapel was erected. In the monastery of St. Catherine, ancient icons, bells, manuscripts and other church utensils are kept. Here you can venerate the relics of the Holy Great Martyr Catherine, which are placed in a small marble shrine, visit the chapel of the Burning Bush and the basilica with three naves.

On the top of Mount Sinai, the Church of the Holy Trinity was built, which during the reign of Emperor Justinian was called the Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord. According to the Old Testament, on the top of Mount Sinai, Moses spoke with the Lord. Thousands of people of different faiths climb granite steps to Moses Peak to see the rising sun and attend the Divine Liturgy in the Church of the Holy Trinity. It is noteworthy that the ascent to the top of the mountain begins with the onset of night and lasts until dawn. The fact is that during the day there is unbearable heat here and even the most enduring pilgrims cannot overcome the many hours of climbing. There are two ways to go down the mountain. Easier is the road that zigzags around the mountain.

Babylon of Egypt was the name of the city of Cairo in ancient times. Here is the famous Hanging Church of the Virgin Mary, where many valuable icons, paintings and inlaid screens are collected. This temple has a marble pulpit for the preacher, and in the baptistry, believers can see the Water Gate through a sawn-out floor panel. In the famous church of St. Sergius, under the altar, there is a grotto where the Holy Family lived, fleeing the wrath of the governor of this province. The fact is that during the appearance of the Savior in the temples of Old Cairo, the idols that were worshiped here in those days fell. Having learned about this, the governor ordered to deprive the baby of life, so the Holy Family was forced to seek refuge. In addition to the ancient Coptic churches in Cairo, there is a museum with rich collections of icons, church utensils, ancient manuscripts, weapons, utensils, etc.

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